Los Volcanes

Bird List

Birds of the Refugio Los Volcanes (ca. 1000- 1350 m )

by Sebastian K. Herzog & Victor Hugo García Soliz, Asociación Armonía - BirdLife International, Santa Cruz, Bolivia (skherzog@armonia-bo.org)

Additional observations kindly provided by: Nick Acheson, Rosendo Fraga, A. Bennett Hennessey, Rich Hoyer, Michael Kessler, Ross MacLeod, Lelis Navarette, Jonas Nilsson, Kim Risen, and Larry Rubey

Tinamidae (Tinamous)


Tinamus tao

Gray Tinamou


Crypturellus obsoletus

Brown Tinamou


Crypturellus tataupa

Tataupa Tinamou

Seasonal movements

Cracidae (Guans)


Ortalis guttata

Speckled Chachalaca

Heard once in October 2003

Penelope montagnii

Andean Guan

uncommon, possibly movements

Pipile cumanensis

Blue-throated Piping-Guan

Observed twice

Mitu tuberosa

Razor-billed Curassow

Seen repeatedly in May 2004

Odontophoridae (Wood-Quail)


Odontophorus speciosus

Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail


Ardeidae (Herons)


Tigrisoma lineatum

Rufescent Tiger-Heron

Observed once (ABH)

Tigrisoma fasciatum

Fasciated Tiger-Heron

An adult observed once (SKH), repeatedly immatures of presumably this species

Cathartidae (Vultures)


Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture


Coragyps atratus

Black Vulture


Sarcoramphus papa

King Vulture

Rare and irregular, but seen year-round

Vultur gryphus

Andean Condor

Uncommon and irregular, mostly in dry season

Accipitridae (Hawks & Eagles)


Leptodon cayanensis

Gray-headed Kite

Only observed once, Aug. 2003

Elanoides forficatus

Swallow-tailed Kite

Seasonal movements/irregular

Harpagus bidentatus

Double-toothed Kite

Rare visitor

Ictinia plumbea

Plumbeous Kite

Seasonal movements?

Accipiter striatus

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Only one observation in March 2005 (RH)

Accipiter bicolor

Bicolored Hawk

Rare visitor, only observed in Oct. 1997 (SKH) & Aug. 2004 (NA)

Harpyhaliaetus solitarius

Solitary Eagle

One observation at station, Nov. 2003

Geranoaetus melanoleucus

Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle

Probably resident, rare

Buteo magnirostris

Roadside Hawk


Buteo brachyurus

Short-tailed Hawk

Rare visitor

Buteo albicaudatus

White-tailed Hawk

Only observed in August 2002

Buteo polyosoma

Red-backed Hawk

Only one observation (RH)

Falconidae (Falcons)

Micrastur ruficollis

Barred Forest-Falcon


Micrastur semitorquatus

Collared Forest-Falcon

First observed in June 2003, rare

Falco sparverius

American Kestrel

At lodge, irregular

Falco rufigularis

Bat Falcon

Probably resident

Falco femoralis

Aplomado Falcon

Rare, flying over

Falco deiroleucus

Orange-breasted Falcon

One observation by Robert Ridgely

Rallidae (Rails)


Aramides cajanea

Gray-necked Wood-Rail

Seasonal movements? Rare

Eurypygidae (Sunbittern)


Eurypyga helias


Seasonal movements?

Columbidae (Pigeons & Doves)


Columba plumbea

Plumbeous Pigeon


Zenaida auriculata

Eared Dove

Rare visitor

Columbina picui

Picui Ground-Dove

Rare visitor

Claravis pretiosa

Blue Ground-Dove

Rare visitor

Leptotila verreauxi

White-tipped Dove

Rare visitor

Leptotila megalura

Large-tailed Dove


Geotrygon montana

Ruddy Quail-Dove

Uncommon, resident

Geotrygon frenata

White-throated Quail-Dove

One in July 2003, a pair in Aug. 2003

Psittacidae (Parrots)


Ara militaris

Military Macaw

Uncommon winter visitor (mostly May through November)

Aratinga mitrata

Mitred Parakeet


Pyrrhura molinae

Green-cheeked Parakeet


Brotogeris chiriri

Yellow-chevroned Parakeet


Pionus menstruus

Blue-headed Parrot

Observed only once (2 birds) in August 2004 (NA)

Pionus sordidus

Red-billed Parrot

Irregular in small numbers

Pionus maximiliani

Scaly-headed Parrot


Amazona aestiva

Blue-fronted Parrot

Seasonal variations in abundance

Amazona mercenaria

Scaly-naped Parrot

Rare visitor

Amazona farinosa

Mealy Parrot

One observation in Nov. 2003 (tape recording)

Cuculidae (Cuckoos)


Coccyzus melacoryphus

Dark-billed Cuckoo

One observation, migrating through

Piaya cayana

Squirrel Cuckoo

Resident, fairly common

Guira guira

Guira Cuckoo

Rare visitor in disturbed areas

Crotophaga ani

Smooth-billed Ani

Rare visitor in disturbed areas

Strigidae (Owls)


Otus choliba

Tropical Screech-Owl

near dry ridge road, prob. resident

Otus ingens

Rufescent Screech-Owl


Otus watsonii

Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl


Pulsatrix melanota

Band-bellied Owl


Ciccaba huhula

Black-banded Owl

Only observed once (SKH)

Glaucidium brasilianum

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl


Glaucidium parkeri

Subtropical Pygmy-Owl

First observed in June 2003, prob. resident

Nyctibiidae (Potoos)


Nyctibius griseus

Common Potoo

Heard irregularly at field station

Caprimulgidae (Nightjars)


Nyctiphrynus ocellatus

Ocellated Poorwill


Caprimulgus rufus

Rufous Nightjar

Between-year variations in abundance

Uropsalis lyra

Lyre-tailed Nightjar

Only observed once in Oct. 1997 (SKH)

Apodidae (Swifts)


Streptoprocne rutila

Chestnut-collared Swift

Flying over, irregular

Streptoprocne zonaris

White-collared Swift

Flying over, fairly common

Aeronautes montivagus

White-tipped Swift

Flying over, irregular?

Trochilidae (Hummingbirds)


Phaethornis stuarti

White-browed Hermit

One observation in Feb. and April 2005, one net capture in March 2005

Phaethornis subochraceus

Buff-bellied Hermit

One observation (ABH)

Phaethornis pretrei

Planalto Hermit

Rare, small numbers year-round

Phaethornis malaris

Great-billed Hermit

Resident, common

Campylopterus largipennis

Gray-breasted Sabrewing

Only observed once in December 2004 (VG)

Colibri coruscans

Sparkling Violet-ear

Seasonal movements

Chlorostilbon mellisugus

Blue-tailed Emerald

Rare visitor

Chlorostilbon aureoventris

Glittering-bellied Emerald

Rare visitor

Thalurania furcata

Fork-tailed Woodnymph

Resident, common

Chrysuronia oenone

Golden-tailed Sapphire

Seasonal movements, rare

Amazilia chionogaster

White-bellied Hummingbird

Resident, but seasonal variations in abundance

Heliodoxa leadbeateri

Violet-fronted Brilliant

Mist netted on rare occasions

Ocreatus underwoodii

Booted Racquet-tail

Rare to uncommon visitor

Sappho sparganura

Red-tailed Comet

A male mist netted February 2004

Aglaiocercus kingi

Long-tailed Sylph

One observation, a male Oct. 2003

Chaetocercus mulsant

Amethyst Woodstar

Oct.(?) and Nov. 2004 (photos by RML)

Microstilbon burmeisteri

Slender-tailed Woodstar

Seasonal movements, rare

Trogonidae (Trogons)


Trogon curucui

Blue-crowned Trogon

Resident, fairly common to common

Trogon personatus

Masked Trogon

Resident, rare

Alcedinidae (Kingfishers)


Ceryle torquata

Ringed Kingfisher

Rare, irregular?

Chloroceryle americana

Green Kingfisher

A female seen in December 2003 (VG), one seen in Oct. 2004

Chloroceryle aenea

American Pygmy-Kingfisher

Only observed once (VG), a male Sept. 2004

Momotidae (Motmots)


Momotus momota

Blue-crowned Motmot

Rare, seasonal movements?

Bucconidae (Puffbirds)


Nystalus chacuru

White-eared Puffbird

One observation (ABH; breeds in nearby secondary scrub)

Malacoptila fulvogularis

Black-streaked Puffbird

Rare, nesting observed October 1997 and December 2004, apparently resident

Capitonidae ( New World Barbets)


Eubucco versicolor

Versicolored Barbet

One observation (LR)

Ramphastidae (Toucans)


Aulacorhynchus derbianus

Chestnut-tipped Toucanet

Probably resident, uncommon

Pteroglossus castanotis

Chestnut-eared Aracari

Resident, but apparently seasonal variations in abundance

Ramphastos vitellinus

Channel-billed Toucan

Resident, uncommon

Ramphastos toco

Toco Toucan

Only one observation (LR)

Ramphastos tucanus

White-throated Toucan

Only one observation in July 2003 (VG, tape recorded)

Picidae (Woodpeckers)


Picumnus dorbignyanus

Ocellated Piculet

Resident, rare to uncommon

Picumnus albosquamatus

White-wedged Piculet

Only two observations (ABH, NA)

Melanerpes cruentatus

Yellow-tufted Woodpecker

Rare visitor, heard only a few times

Picoides lignarius

Striped Woodpecker

Only two observations in October 1997 (SKH)

Veniliornis sp. ( fumigatus ?)

(Smoky-brown?) Woodpecker

A handful of observations, SKH heard raps (no visual confirmation yet)

Piculus rubiginosus

Golden-olive Woodpecker

Occasional visitor

Dryocopus lineatus

Lineated Woodpecker


Campephilus rubricollis

Red-necked Woodpecker


Campephilus melanoleucos

Crimson-crested Woodpecker


Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers)


Dendrocincla fuliginosa

Plain-brown Woodcreeper

One observation (ABH)

Sittasomus griseicapillus

Olivaceous Woodcreeper

Resident, common

Dendrocolaptes picumnus

Black-banded Woodcreeper

Resident, uncommon

Xiphorhynchus picus

Straight-billed Woodcreeper

Only observed Jan.-March 2005

Xiphorhynchus ocellatus

Ocellated Woodcreeper

Resident, common

Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

Red-billed Scythebill

Prob. resident

Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)


Synallaxis frontalis

Sooty-fronted Spinetail

Only in October 1997

Synallaxis scutata

Ochre-cheeked Spinetail


Cranioleuca pyrrhophia

Stripe-crowned Spinetail

Rare visitor, only in Oct. 1997 & 2003

Simoxenops striatus

Bolivian Recurvebill

Resident, uncommon in humid forest

Philydor rufum

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner


Sclerurus albigularis

Gray-throated Leaftosser


Lochmias nematura

Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper

Only in June, Aug. & Oct. 2003 along humid forest stream

Xenops rutilans

Streaked Xenops


Thamnophilidae (Typical Antbirds)


Batara cinerea

Giant Antshrike

Visitor? Rare

Thamnophilus palliatus

Chestnut-backed Antshrike

Resident, in secondary scrub

Thamnophilus caerulescens

Variable Antshrike

Prob. resident, rare

Dysithamnus mentalis

Plain Antvireo

Resident, common

Myrmotherula grisea

Yungas Antwren

One observation of a pair, Oct. 1997 (MK)

Herpsilochmus atricapillus

Black-capped Antwren

Resident, fairly common to common

Pyriglena leuconota

White-backed Fire-Eye

R esident

Formicariidae (Antpittas)


Chamaeza campanisona

Short-tailed Antthrush

Resident, common

Conopophagidae (Gnateaters)


Conopophaga ardesiaca

Slaty Gnateater

Resident, fairly common to common

Rhinocryptidae (Tapaculos)


Scytalopus bolivianus

Bolivian Tapaculo


Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers)


Phyllomyias burmeisteri

Rough-legged Tyrannulet

Heard frequently June 2003 through Feb. 2004, occasionally afterwards, breeding

Phyllomias sclateri

Sclater's Tyrannulet


Miopagis gaimardii

Forest Elaenia

Only in Aug. (KR) and Oct. 2004 (a pair, SKH)

Myiopagis caniceps

Gray Elaenia

Austral migrant, just passing through

Elaenia albiceps

White-crested Elaenia

Seasonal movements

Elaenia strepera

Slaty Elaenia

Austral migrant, just passing through

Elaenia chiriquensis

Lesser Elaenia

Two records in Aug. 2004

Camptostoma obsoletum

Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet


Mecocerculus hellmayri

Buff-banded Tyrannulet

Rare visitor

Mecocerculus leucophrys

White-throated Tyrannulet

Rare visitor

Serpophaga munda

White-bellied Tyrannulet

Rare visitor

Phaeomyias murina

Mouse-colored Tyrannulet

Austral migrant, just passing through during spring (October/November)

Corythopis torquata

Ringed Antpipit

One net capture of a juvenile, Oct. 2003

Phylloscartes ophthalmicus

Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant

Resident, rare to uncommon

Phylloscartes orbitalis

Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant

Only one observation, Aug. 2004 (KR)

Phylloscartes ventralis

Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet

Seasonal movements? Rare

Mionectes striaticollis

Streak-necked Flycatcher

Rare visitor

Mionectes macconnelli

McConnell's Flycatcher

Resident, common

Leptopogon amaurocephalus

Sepia-capped Flycatcher

Resident, fairly common

Leptopogon superciliaris

Slaty-capped Flycatcher

Resident, fairly common

Sublegatus modestus

Southern Scrub-Flycatcher

Only one observation at lodge and one mist net capture

Myiornis albiventris

White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant

Apparently resident, uncommon

Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer

Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant


Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps

Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher

Observed only once, Oct. 1997 (SKH)

Tolmomyias sulphurescens

Yellow-olive Flycatcher


Platyrinchus mystaceus

White-throated Spadebill

Resident in humid forest

Myiophobus fasciatus

Bran-colored Flycatcher

Occasional visitor

Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea

Cinnamon Flycatcher

Occasional visitor

Hirundinea ferruginea

Cliff Flycatcher


Lathrotriccus euleri

Euler's Flycatcher

Seasonal movements, rare

Cnemotriccus fuscatus

Fuscous Flycatcher

Only in Oct. 1997 & 2003

Contopus fumigatus

Smoke-colored Pewee

Rare visitor

Contopus sordidulus

Western Wood-Pewee

Boreal migrant, fairly common summer resident

Contopus cinereus

Tropical Pewee

Few mist net captures in late 2004 (migrants)

Sayornis nigricans

Black Phoebe


Pyrocephalus rubinus

Vermilion Flycatcher

An immature moulting into adult plumage at station, dry season 2004 & 2005

Knipolegus signatus

Andean Tyrant

Occasional visitor, altitudinal movements?

Knipolegus poecilurus

Rufous-tailed Tyrant

Only one observation in August 2004 (NA)

Muscisaxicola maculirostris

Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant

Only one observation, a juvenile in March 2005 (photographed by RH)

Myiotheretes striaticollis

Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant

Seasonal movements?

Legatus leucophaius

Piratic Flycatcher

Observed in Oct. 2002, Jan., Oct. & Nov. 2004

Pitangus sulphuratus

Great Kiskadee

Rare visitor at lodge

Myiodynastes chrysocephalus

Golden-crowned Flycatcher

Prob. resident

Myiodynastes luteiventris

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher

Boreal migrant, uncommon summer resident

Myiodynastes maculatus

Streaked Flycatcher

Seasonal movements

Megarynchus pitangua

Boat-billed Flycatcher

Only one observation (ABH)

Empidonomus varius

Variegated Flycatcher

Austral migrant, apparently breeding in some years

Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus

Crowned Slaty-Flycatcher

One immature, Feb. 2003, austral migrant

Tyrannus melancholicus

Tropical Kingbird

Resident at lodge, although some movements are apparent

Tyrannus savana

Fork-tailed Flycatcher

A pair and a single bird in February 2004

Tyrannus tyrannus

Eastern Kingbird

Boreal migrant, rare visitor

Casiornis rufa

Rufous Casiornis

Seasonal variations, more common during austral winter

Myiarchus tuberculifer

Dusky-capped Flycatcher


Myiarchus cephalotes

Pale-edged Flycatcher

Resident, prob some seasonal variations in abundance

Myiarchus tyrannulus

Brown-crested Flycatcher

Austral migrant, passing through in October (one record Aug. 2004 by NA)

Ramphotrigon ruficauda

Rufous-tailed Flatbill

One observation January 2004 (SKH)

Cotingidae (Cotingas)


Tityra semifasciata

Masked Tityra

Seasonal movements

Pachyramphus viridis

Green-backed Becard

A pair once, Aug. 2003, humid forest plot

Pachyramphus polychopterus

White-winged Becard

Apparently resident, rare to uncommon

Pachyramphus validus

Crested Becard

A female/imm. twice in May 2003 and once in May 2004

Pipreola intermedia

Band-tailed Fruiteater

A male once in April 2004 (VG)

Pipreola frontalis

Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater

Only two observations (SKH, VG)

Pipridae (Manakins)


Chiroxiphia boliviana

Yungas Manakin

Resident, fairly common to common

Piprites chloris

Wing-barred Piprites

Apparently resident

Vireonidae (Vireos)


Cyclarhis gujanensis

Rufous-browed Peppershrike

Seasonal movements

Vireo olivaceus

Red-eyed Vireo

Seasonal movements, rare

Hylophilus ochraceiceps

Tawny-crowned Greenlet

Only one observation (SKH)

Corvidae (Jays)


Cyanocorax cyanomelas

Purplish Jay

Resident, common

Cyanocorax chrysops

Plush-crested Jay

Resident, common

Hirundinidae (Swallows)


Progne chalybea

Gray-breasted Martin

Austral migrant, only one observation

Pygochelidon cyanoleuca

Blue-and-white Swallow

Rare visitor during cold southern storm fronts

Troglodytidae (Wrens)


Thryothorus genibarbis

Moustached Wren


Troglodytes aedon

House Wren


Turdidae (Thrushes)


Myadestes ralloides

Andean Solitaire

One mist net capture of a juvenile May 2005

Catharus dryas

Spotted Nightingale-Thrush

Rare visitor

Catharus ustulatus

Swainson's Thrush

Boreal migrant, common in austral summer

Turdus fuscater

Great Thrush

Only one observation

Turdus chiguanco

Chiguanco Thrush

Seasonal movements, rare

Turdus nigriceps

Andean Slaty-Thrush

Seasonal/altitudinal movements, winter resident

Turdus rufiventris

Rufous-bellied Thrush


Turdus amaurochalinus

Creamy-bellied Thrush

Rare visitor (austral migrant)

Turdus hauxwelli

Hauxwell's Thrush

Observed only once in August 2004 (NA)

Turdus albicollis

White-necked Robin

Resident, seasonal variations in abundance

Thraupidae (Tanagers)


Thlypopsis sordida

Orange-headed Tanager

Rare visitor

Thlypopsis ruficeps

Rust-and-yellow Tanager

One observation

Trichothraupis melanops

Black-goggled Tanager


Ramphocelus carbo

Silver-beaked Tanager

Resident, disturbed areas

Thraupis sayaca

Sayaca Tanager

Resident, seasonal variations in abundance

Thraupis palmarum

Palm Tanager


Anisognathus sumptuosus

Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager

Probably resident, rare

Pipraeidea melanonota

Fawn-breasted Tanager

Seasonal movements? Rare

Tangara chilensis

Paradise Tanager

One observation (SKH)

Tangara schrankii

Green-and-gold Tanager

One observation in May 2005 (VG)

Tangara xanthocephala

Saffron-crowned Tanager

Resident, rare

Tangara cyanotis

Blue-browed Tanager

Resident, rare

Tangara argyrofenges

Green-throated Tanager

Seasonal movements

Dacnis cayana

Blue Dacnis

Resident, rare

Hemithraupis guira

Guira Tanager

Resident, common

Conirostrum speciosum

Chestnut-vented Conebill

Rare visitor, a pair in December 2003 and in May 2004

Diglossa sittoides

Rusty Flowerpiercer

Rare visitor in disturbed areas

Chlorospingus ophthalmicus

Common Bush-Tanager

Resident, uncommon

Piranga flava

Hepatic Tanager

One observation (SKH)

Piranga olivacea

Scarlet Tanager

One observation, ASY male in alternate plumage, 2 Feb. 2005 (SKH)

Piranga leucoptera

White-winged Tanager


Chlorothraupis carmioli

Carmiol's Tanager

One observation Oct. 1997 (SKH)

Euphonia chlorotica

Purple-throated Euphonia


Euphonia laniirostris

Thick-billed Euphonia

Resident, seasonal variations in abundance

Euphonia cyanocephala

Golden-rumped Euphonia

Seasonal movements depending on availability of fruiting mistletoe

Euphonia mesochrysa

Bronze-green Euphonia

Apparently resident, rare

Euphonia xanthogaster

Orange-bellied Euphonia

Rare visitor

Chlorophonia cyanea

Blue-naped Chlorophonia

Resident, uncommon

Emberizidae (Emberizid Finches)


Volatinia jacarina

Blue-black Grassquit

Two observations, Dec. 2004 (mist netted) & April 2005 (VG)

Sporophila schistacea

Slate-colored Seedeater

Irregular, depending on seeding bamboo

Sporophila lineola

Lined Seedeater

A male at station in Oct. 2004

Sporophila caerulescens

Double-collared Seedeater

Two observations, Aug. 2004 (KR, JN)

Tiaris obscura

Dull-colored Grassquit

Two observations, Oct. & Nov. 2003 (SKH)

Arremon flavirostris

Saffron-billed Sparrow


Coryphospingus cucullatus

Red-crested Finch

Rare visitor

Cardinalidae (Saltators)


Pheucticus aureoventris

Black-backed Grosbeak

Seasonal movements/rare

Saltator maximus

Buff-throated Saltator

Probably resident

Cyanocompsa brissonii

Ultramarine Grosbeak

Immature male (?) twice at station in July 2003

Parulidae (Wood - Warblers)


Parula pitiayumi

Tropical Parula

Resident, common

Dendroica striata

Blackpoll Warbler

boreal migrant, observed only a few times

Geothlypis aequinoctialis

Masked Yellowthroat

Only observed in some years, rare

Wilsonia canadensis

Canada Warbler

Boreal migrant, two observations and two mist net captures

Myioborus miniatus

Slate-throated Redstart


Myioborus brunniceps

Brown-capped Redstart

One observation (SKH)

Basileuterus bivittatus

Two-banded Warbler

Resident, common

Basileuterus culicivorus

Golden-crowned Warbler

Only at lodge clearing, Aug. 2003 & 2004 (NA)

Phaeothlypis rivularis

Riverbank Warbler

Probably resident, rare

Icteridae (Blackbirds)


Psarocolius angustifrons

Russet-backed Oropendola

Rare visitor (RF; KR in Aug. 2004)

Psarocolius atrovirens

Dusky-green Oropendola


Psarocolius decumanus

Crested Oropendola


M olothrus oryzivorus

Giant Cowbird

One observation at lodge (SKH)

Sturnella superciliaris

White-browed Blackbird

One observation, imm. male April 2005 (VG)

Fringillidae (Siskins)


Carduelis magellanica

Hooded Siskin

Seasonal movements, mainly in austral winter